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Blindness

Blindness Defined

Blindness as defined by the U.S. definition is the best-corrected visual acuity of 6/60 or worse (=20/200) in the better-seeing eye. Blindness is defined by U.S. definition 20/200 best-corrected visual acuity in the better-seeing eye and the World Health Organization standard of < 20/400.

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2010 U.S. Age-Specific Prevalence Rates for Blindness by Age and Race/Ethnicity

2010 U.S. age-specific prevalence rates for Blindness by age, gender, and race/ethnicity

Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 0.12% 0.18% 0.05% 0.11% 0.12%
50-54 0.10% 0.34% 0.11% 0.20% 0.13%
55-59 0.11% 0.52% 0.16% 0.31% 0.17%
60-64 0.14% 0.80% 0.26% 0.47% 0.24%
65-69 0.23% 1.24% 0.40% 0.72% 0.36%
70-74 0.43% 1.91% 0.64% 1.10% 0.62%
75-79 0.99% 2.93% 1.00% 1.67% 1.18%
80+ 9.21% 6.32% 2.15% 3.46% 8.41%
TOTAL 1.02% 0.93% 0.26% 0.51% 0.90%


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2010 Prevalence Rates of Blindness by Race

Chart Projections 2010 (Blindness)

Total Population 142,648,393 103,846,437 15,190,777 14,901,369 8,709,810


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2010 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Blindness (in thousands) by Age, and Race/Ethnicity

2010 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Vision Impairment (in thousands) by age, gender, and race/ethnicity (Blindness)

Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 34 10 4 4 52
50-54 16 9 2 3 30
55-59 16 11 3 4 34
60-64 18 13 4 4 39
65-69 23 14 4 5 46
70-74 32 16 5 5 58
75-79 59 18 5 5 87
80+ 867 50 14 14 945
TOTAL 1,065 141 41 44 1,291

2010 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Blindness (in thousands) by Age, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity

2010 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Blindness (in thousands) by gender.

Female/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 17 5 2 2 26
50-54 8 5 1 2 16
55-59 8 6 2 2 18
60-64 9 7 2 2 20
65-69 12 8 2 3 25
70-74 17 9 3 3 32
75-79 33 11 3 3 50
80+ 606 35 9 9 659
TOTAL 710 86 24 26 846
Male/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 17 5 2 2 26
50-54 8 4 1 1 14
55-59 8 5 1 2 16
60-64 9 6 2 2 19
65-69 11 6 2 2 21
70-74 15 7 2 2 26
75-79 26 7 2 2 37
80+ 261 15 5 5 286
TOTAL 355 55 17 18 445


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Projections for Blindness (2010-2030-2050)

Chart Projections 2010 (Blindness)

Year All White Black Hispanic Other
2010 1,288,275 1,062,942 141,091 39,416 44,826
2030 2,169,625 1,700,413 252,473 110,894 105,846
2050 4,113,472 3,224,470 423,329 250,784 214,889

Chart Projections 2010 (Blindness)

  All White Black Hispanic Other
Prevalence 0.009 0.010 0.009 0.003 0.005


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Changes of Cases between 2000 and 2010

Chart Projections 2010 (Blindness)

Year Value Short Value
2000 936,309 936
2010 1,288,275 1,288

2000 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Blindness (in thousands) by Age, and Race/Ethnicity

2000 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Blindness Chart

Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 38 9 2 2 51
50-54 14 6 2 2 24
55-59 12 7 2 2 23
60-64 13 9 2 2 26
65-69 17 11 2 3 33
70-74 31 14 3 4 52
75-79 58 16 3 4 81
80+ 590 42 8 8 648
TOTAL 773 114 24 27 938

2000 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Blindness (in thousands) by Age, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity

2010 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Blindness (in thousands) by gender.

Female/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 19 5 1 1 26
50-54 7 3 1 1 12
55-59 6 4 1 1 12
60-64 7 5 1 1 14
65-69 9 6 1 2 18
70-74 17 8 2 2 29
75-79 34 10 2 2 48
80+ 432 30 5 5 472
TOTAL 531 71 14 15 631
Male/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 19 4 1 1 25
50-54 7 3 1 1 12
55-59 6 3 1 1 11
60-64 6 4 1 1 12
65-69 8 5 1 1 15
70-74 14 6 1 2 23
75-79 24 6 1 2 33
80+ 158 12 3 3 176
TOTAL 242 43 10 12 307


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Department of Health and Human Services NIH, the National Institutes of Health USA.gov