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Glaucoma, Open-angle

Open-angle Glaucoma Defined

In open-angle glaucoma, the fluid passes too slowly through a spongy meshwork. Since the fluid builds up, the pressure inside the eye rises to a level that may damage the optic nerve. When the optic nerve is damaged from increased pressure, open-angle glaucoma-and vision loss may result.

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2010 U.S. Age-Specific Prevalence Rates for Glaucoma by Age and Race/Ethnicity

2010 U.S. age-specific prevalence rates for Glaucoma by age, gender, and race/ethnicity

Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 0.61% 1.15% 0.39% 1.25% 0.69%
50-54 0.75% 2.01% 0.71% 1.47% 0.94%
55-59 0.93% 2.96% 1.06% 1.73% 1.21%
60-64 1.20% 4.20% 1.60% 2.11% 1.58%
65-69 1.62% 5.73% 2.40% 2.65% 2.11%
70-74 2.26% 7.38% 3.60% 3.42% 2.88%
75-79 3.26% 8.94% 5.36% 4.53% 3.93%
80+ 7.42% 11.42% 10.36% 8.03% 7.89%
TOTAL 1.72% 3.42% 1.50% 2.13% 1.91%
Female/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 0.84% 1.61% 0.40% 1.65% 0.94%
50-54 0.89% 2.26% 0.74% 1.72% 1.10%
55-59 1.00% 2.85% 1.13% 1.88% 1.29%
60-64 1.22% 3.58% 1.71% 2.17% 1.56%
65-69 1.58% 4.52% 2.60% 2.65% 2.01%
70-74 2.20% 5.69% 3.92% 3.40% 2.74%
75-79 3.28% 7.11% 5.87% 4.57% 3.87%
80+ 8.51% 10.57% 11.49% 8.76% 8.84%
TOTAL 2.07% 3.39% 1.77% 2.44% 2.21%
Male/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 0.38% 0.65% 0.37% 0.80% 0.44%
50-54 0.61% 1.73% 0.67% 1.19% 0.78%
55-59 0.85% 3.08% 0.99% 1.55% 1.14%
60-64 1.19% 4.96% 1.47% 2.03% 1.60%
65-69 1.66% 7.31% 2.16% 2.65% 2.23%
70-74 2.32% 9.75% 3.19% 3.45% 3.05%
75-79 3.23% 11.86% 4.66% 4.49% 4.02%
80+ 5.53% 13.29% 8.47% 6.85% 6.22%
TOTAL 1.34% 3.46% 1.21% 1.76% 1.57%


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2010 Prevalence Rates of Glaucoma by Race

Chart Projections 2010 (Glaucoma)

  All White Black Hispanic Other
Prevalence 0.019 0.017 0.034 0.015 0.021


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2010 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Glaucoma (in thousands) by Age, and Race/Ethnicity

2010 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Vision Impairment (in thousands) by age, gender, and race/ethnicity (Glaucoma)

Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 175 61 25 40 301
50-54 119 53 17 21 210
55-59 134 64 20 21 239
60-64 154 70 21 20 265
65-69 157 65 22 18 262
70-74 164 62 25 17 268
75-79 191 54 27 15 287
80+ 698 90 65 34 887
TOTAL 1,792 519 222 186 2,719

2010 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Glaucoma (in thousands) by Age, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity

2010 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Glaucoma (in thousands) by gender.

Female/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 121 45 13 28 207
50-54 71 32 9 13 125
55-59 74 33 11 12 130
60-64 80 33 12 11 136
65-69 80 29 13 10 132
70-74 86 28 15 9 138
75-79 107 26 17 9 159
80+ 508 57 45 23 633
TOTAL 1,127 283 135 115 1,660
Male/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 54 16 12 12 94
50-54 48 21 8 8 85
55-59 60 31 9 9 109
60-64 74 37 9 9 129
65-69 77 36 9 8 130
70-74 78 34 10 8 130
75-79 84 28 10 6 128
80+ 190 33 20 11 254
TOTAL 665 236 87 71 1,059


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Projections for Glaucoma (2010-2030-2050)

Chart Projections 2010 (Glaucoma)

Year All White Black Hispanic Other
2010 2,719,379 1,790,551 520,044 223,551 185,233
2030 4,284,823 2,427,339 864,732 606,122 386,629
2050 6,290,760 3,039,512 1,241,808 1,306,113 703,326

Chart Projections 2010 (Glaucoma)

Total Population 142,648,393 103,846,437 15,190,777 14,901,369 8,709,810


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Changes of Cases between 2000 and 2010

Chart Projections 2010 (Glaucoma)

Year Value Short Value
2000 2,216,785 2,217
2010 2,719,379 2,719

2000 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Glaucoma (in thousands) by Age, and Race/Ethnicity

2000 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Glaucoma Chart

Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 188 55 16 31 290
50-54 100 36 9 14 159
55-59 98 38 11 12 159
60-64 103 44 12 11 170
65-69 125 50 15 11 201
70-74 166 53 18 11 248
75-79 205 48 17 11 281
80+ 582 74 35 19 710
TOTAL 1,567 398 133 120 2,218

2000 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Glaucoma (in thousands) by Age, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity

2000 U.S. Prevalent Cases of Glaucoma (in thousands) by gender.

Female/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 131 41 8 22 202
50-54 60 22 5 9 96
55-59 54 20 6 7 87
60-64 54 21 7 6 88
65-69 65 23 9 6 103
70-74 90 25 11 6 132
75-79 121 24 11 6 162
80+ 439 48 25 13 525
TOTAL 1,014 224 82 75 1,395
Male/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 57 14 8 9 88
50-54 40 14 4 5 63
55-59 44 18 5 5 72
60-64 49 23 5 5 82
65-69 60 27 6 5 98
70-74 76 28 7 5 116
75-79 84 24 6 5 119
80+ 143 26 10 6 185
TOTAL 553 174 51 45 823


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Department of Health and Human Services NIH, the National Institutes of Health USA.gov