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Healthy People 2020 - Vision Objectives

About Healthy People

Healthy People provides science-based, 10-year national objectives for improving the health of all Americans. For 3 decades, Healthy People has established benchmarks and monitored progress over time in order to:

Vision Objectives

Vision is an essential part of everyday life, influencing how Americans of all ages learn, communicate, work, play, and interact with the world. Yet millions of Americans live with visual impairment, and many more remain at risk for eye disease and preventable eye injury.

The Healthy People 2020 Vision objectives focus on evidence-based interventions to preserve sight and prevent blindness. Objectives address screening and examinations for children and adults, early detection and timely treatment of eye diseases and conditions, injury prevention, and the use of vision rehabilitation services. There are 15 objectives.

Each objective has baseline data collected in 2008, with the exception of a new objective, V-8. The objectives and data are listed below. The next data collection to measure these objectives will take place in 2016. Data will be released prior to the end of Healthy People 2020.

V-1
Increase the proportion of preschool children aged 5 years and under who receive vision screening.
Baseline: 40.1 percent of preschool children aged 5 years and under received vision screening in 2008
Target: 44.1 percent
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V-2
Reduce blindness and visual impairment in children and adolescents aged 17 years and under.
Baseline: 28.2 per 1,000 children and adolescents aged 17 years and under were blind or visually impaired in 2008
Target: 25.4 per 1,000
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V-3
Reduce occupational eye injuries.

V-3.1
Reduce occupational eye injuries resulting in lost work days.
Baseline: 2.9 per 10,000 full-time workers had occupational eye injuries resulting in lost work days in 2008
Target: 2.6 per full-time workers
Data Source: Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), DOL/BLS

V-3.2
Reduce occupational eye injuries treated in emergency departments (ED).
Baseline: 12.9 per 10,000 full-time workers were treated for occupational eye injuries in EDs in 2008
Target: 11.6 per 10,000 full-time workers
Data Source: National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), CPSC; Current Population Survey (CPS), Census and DOL/BLS

V-4
Increase the proportion of adults who have a comprehensive eye exam, including dilation, within the past 2 years.
Baseline: 55.0 percent of adults aged 18 years and older had a comprehensive eye examination, including dilation, within the past 2 years in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)
Target: 60.5 percent
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V-5
Reduce visual impairment.

V-5.1 Reduce visual impairment due to uncorrected refractive error.
Baseline: 136.1 per 1,000 population aged 12 years and older had uncorrected refractive errors in 2005-08 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)
Target: 122.5 per 1,000
Data Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS

V-5.2 Reduce visual impairment due to diabetic retinopathy.
Baseline: 34.2 per 1,000 population aged 18 years and older with diabetes had visual impairment due to diabetic retinopathy in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)
Target: 30.8 per 1,000
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V.5-3 Reduce visual impairment due to glaucoma.
Baseline: 13.9 per 1,000 population aged 45 years and older had visual impairment due to glaucoma in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)
Target: 12.5 per 1,000
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V-5.4 Reduce visual impairment due to cataract.
Baseline: 110.0 per 1,000 population aged 65 years and older had visual impairment due to cataract in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)
Target: 99.0 per 1,000
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V-5.5 Reduce visual impairment due to age-related macular degeneration.
Baseline: 15.5 per 1,000 population aged 45 years and older had visual impairment due to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)
Target: 14.0 per 1,000
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V-6
Increase the use of personal protective eyewear in recreational activities and hazardous situations the home.

V-6.1 Increase the use of personal protective eyewear in recreational activities and hazardous situations the home among children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years.
Baseline: 16.5 percent of children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years used personal protective eyewear in recreational activities and hazardous situations around the home in 2008
Target: 18.2 percent
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V-6.1 Increase the use of personal protective eyewear in recreational activities and hazardous situations the home among adults aged 18 years and older.
Baseline: 39.7 percent of adults aged 18 years and older used protective eyewear in recreational activities and hazardous situations around the home in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)
Target: 43.7 percent
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V-7
Increase vision rehabilitation.

V-7.1 Increase the use of vision rehabilitation services by persons with visual impairments.
Baseline: 30.2 per 1,000 persons with visual impairment used vision rehabilitation services in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)
Target: 33.2 per 1,000
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V-7.2 Increase the use of assistive and adaptive devices by persons with visual impairments.
Baseline: 11.2 percent of persons with visual impairment used assistive and adaptive devices in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)
Target: 12.3 percent
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS

V-8
(Developmental) Increase the proportion of Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) that provide comprehensive vision health services.

More information can be found on the Healthy People website at http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/default.aspx

Last Updated: June 2014



Department of Health and Human Services NIH, the National Institutes of Health USA.gov