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Statistics and Data

Prevalence of Blindness Data

Data Tables

Summary of Eye Disease Prevalence Data

Prevalence of Cataract, Age-Related Macular Degeneration, and Open-Angle Glaucoma Among Adults 40 Years and Older in the United States*

Age, Cataract Advanced AMD Intermediate AMD Glaucoma
Years Persons (%) Persons (%) Persons (%) Persons (%)
40-49 1,046,000 2.5% 20,000 0.1% 851,000 2.0% 290,000 0.7%
50-59 2,123,000 6.8% 113,000 0.4% 1,053,000 3.4% 318,000 1.0%
60-69 4,061,000 20.0% 147,000 0.7% 1,294,000 6.4% 369,000 1.8%
70-79 6,973,000 42.8% 388,000 2.4% 1,949,000 12.0% 530,000 3.9%
>80 6,272,000 68.3% 1,081,000 11.8% 2,164,000 23.6% 711,000 7.7%
 
Total 20,475,000 17.2% 1,749,000 1.5% 7,311,000 6.1% 2,218,000 1.9%


Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy Among Adults*

Age, Type 1 Diabetes All Diabetes — 40
Years and Older
Years Persons (%) Persons (%)
18-39 278,000 0.3% NA NA
40-49 172,000 0.4% 589,000 1.4%
50-64 317,000 0.4% 1,582,000 3.8%
65-74 1,068,000 5.8%
>75 824,000 5.0%
Total 767,000 0.4% 4,063,000 3.4%


Prevalence of Blindness and Low Vision Among Adults 40 Years and Older in the United States*
Age, Blindness** Low Vision** All Vision Impaired
Years Persons (%) Persons (%) Persons (%)
40-49 51,000 0.1% 80,000 0.2% 131,000 0.3%
50-59 45,000 0.1% 102,000 0.3% 147,000 0.4%
60-69 59,000 0.3% 176,000 0.9% 235,000 1.2%
70-79 134,000 0.8% 471,000 3.0% 605,000 3.8%
>80 648,000 7.0% 1,532,000 16.7% 2,180,000 23.7%
 
Total 937,000 0.8% 2,361,000 2.0% 3,298,000 2.7%


Estimated Prevalence of Myopia and Hyperopia

Age, Myopia (Nearsightedness) Hyperopia (Farsightedness)
Years Persons (%) Persons (%)
40-49 15,460,000 36.4% 1,534,000 3.1%
50-59 7,355,000 23.3% 2,325,000 7.7%
60-69 3,459,000 17.0% 2,538,000 13.2%
70-79 2,481,000 15.2% 3,112,000 19.3%
>80 1,603,000 17.5% 2,168,000 23.6%
 
Total 30,358,000 25.4% 11,677,000 9.9%

* Archives of Ophthalmology, Volume 122, April 2004

** Blindness as defined by the U.S. definition is the best-corrected visual acuity of 6/60 or worse (=20/200) in the better-seeing eye; low vision is defined as the best-corrected visual acuity less than 6/12 (<20/40) in the better-seeing eye (excluding those who were categorized as being blind by the U.S. definition.)



Department of Health and Human Services NIH, the National Institutes of Health USA.gov