skip navigation

S M L Text size
Home » Healthy Vision 2010 » Objectives and Progress of Healthy Vision 2010 » Impairment in Children and Adolescents (age 17 and under)

Objective 28-4

Impairment in Children and Adolescents (age 17 and under)

This objective was the focus of Healthy Vision Month 2003.

Reduce blindness and visual impairment in children and adolescents aged 17 years and under.

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a common condition in which images of distant objects are focused in front of, instead of on, the retina. Myopia occurs in approximately 25 percent of the U.S. population.9 In children, myopia is found in 2 percent of those entering first grade and 15 percent of those entering high school.

Data Source

Target: 18 per 1,000 children and adolescents aged 17 years and under.

Baseline: 24 per 1,000 children and adolescents aged 17 years and under were blind or visually impaired in 1997.

Target setting method: Better than the best.

Data source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

Operational definition: This is a valuable tool that allows individuals to set measurable Healthy Vision objectives for their own communities.

Citation: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Tracking Healthy People 2010. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 2000.

Children and Adolescents Aged
17 Years and Under, 1997
Blindness and Visual
Impairment
Rate per 1,000
  24
Race and ethnicity
American Indian or Alaska Native DSU
Asian or Pacific Islander DSU
Asian DSU
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander DSU
Black or African American 26
White 24
2 or more races DNC
American Indian or Alaska Native; White DNC
Black or African American; White DNC
Hispanic or Latino 21
Not Hispanic or Latino 25
Black or African American 27
White 25
Gender
Female 24
Male 25
Family income level
Poor 34
Near poor 28
Middle/high income 20
Disability status
Persons with disabilities 92
Persons without disabilities 19

Legend:
DNA = Data have not been analyzed.
DNC = Data for specific population are not collected.
DSU = Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.


Operational definition for objective: 28-4
Reduce blindness and visual impairment in children and adolescents aged 17 years and under.
National Data Source National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC, NCHS.
State Data Source Not identified.
Healthy People 2000 Objective Not applicable.
Measure Rate per 1,000 population.
Baseline 25 (1997).
Numerator Number of children and adolescents aged 17 years and under who have trouble seeing, even when wearing glasses or contact lenses.
Denominator Number of children and adolescents aged 17 years and under.
Population Targeted U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population.
Questions Used To Obtain the National Data From the 1997 National Health Interview Survey:

 > Does _______ have any trouble seeing?
(If age 2+ years:) even when wearing glasses or focus area contact lenses?
Expected Periodicity Annual.
Comments See Part C for a description of NHIS and Appendix A for focus area contact information. All referenced "Parts" and "Appendices" can be found in Tracking Healthy People 2010.


Department of Health and Human Services NIH, the National Institutes of Health USA.gov