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Home » Healthy Vision 2010 » Objectives and Progress of Healthy Vision 2010 » Impairment Due to Refractive Errors

Objective 28-3

Impairment Due to Refractive Errors

Reduce uncorrected visual impairment due to refractive errors.

Approximately 60 percent of Americans have refractive errors or defects that could be corrected to give them sharper vision.

Data Source

Baseline: 110.7 per 1,000 persons aged 12 years and older had uncorrected visual impairment due to refractive errors in 1999-2000 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population).

Target: 92.9 per 1,000 persons.

Target Setting Method: Better than the best.

Data source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Operational definition: Help researchers from national, State, and local government agencies as well as those from private organizations to develop comparable measurements for each of the objectives.

Uncorrected visual impairment due to refractive errors
(age adjusted per 1,000 standard population, aged 12 years and over)
Rate Per 1000
  110.7
Race and ethnicity
American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU
Asian or Pacific Islander only DSU
Asian only DSU
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU
Black or African American only DNA
White only DNA
2 or more races DNA
American Indian or Alaska Native; White DNA
Black or African American; White DNA
Hispanic or Latino  
Mexican American 175.0
Not Hispanic or Latino DNA
Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino

147.8
White only, not Hispanic or Latino 93.0
Gender
Female 123.1
Male 97.6
Family income level
Poor 169.0
Near poor 132.4
Middle/high income 85.0
Diabetes Status
Persons with diabetes(within the past year) 144.2
Persons without diabetes(within the past year) 110.5
Age Groups
Persons aged 12 to 19 years 155.9
Persons aged 20 to 39 years 96.6
Persons aged 40 to 59 years 84.3
Persons aged 60 years and older 145.7

Legend:
DNA = Data have not been analyzed.
DNC = Data for specific population are not collected.
DSU = Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.


Operational definition for objective 28-3
28-3. Reduce uncorrected visual impairment due to refractive errors.
National Data Source National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC, NCHS.
State Data Source Not identified.
Healthy People 2000 Objective Not applicable.
2005 Midcourse Revisions New objective (see Comments).
Measure Rate per 1,000 population (age adjusted - see Comments).
Baseline 110.7 (1999-2000).
Target 92.9.
Target-Setting Method Better than the best racial/ethnic subgroup.For a discussion on target-setting methods, see Part A, Section 4.
Numerator Number of persons 12 years and older whose better-eye distance vision tests at 20/30 or worse, and improves to 20/25 or better after objective auto-refraction.
Denominator Number of persons 12 years and older.
Population Targeted U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population.
Questions Used To Obtain the National Data From the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey:
  • Measure of visual acuity of left and right eyes with usual correction at examination.
  • Measure of reported visual acuity of left and right eyes after objective auto-refraction.
Expected Periodicity Periodic.
Comments For survey participants 12 years and older.


Department of Health and Human Services NIH, the National Institutes of Health USA.gov