Impairment Due to Refractive Errors
Reduce uncorrected visual impairment due to refractive errors.
Approximately 60 percent of Americans have refractive errors or defects that could be corrected to give them sharper vision.
Baseline: 110.7 per 1,000 persons aged 12 years and older had uncorrected visual impairment due to refractive errors in 1999-2000 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population).
Target: 92.9 per 1,000 persons.
Target Setting Method: Better than the best.
Data source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Operational definition: Help researchers from national, State, and local government agencies as well as those from private organizations to develop comparable measurements for each of the objectives.
|Uncorrected visual impairment due to refractive errors
(age adjusted per 1,000 standard population, aged 12 years and over)
|Rate Per 1000|
|Race and ethnicity|
|American Indian or Alaska Native only||DSU|
|Asian or Pacific Islander only||DSU|
|Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only||DSU|
|Black or African American only||DNA|
|2 or more races||DNA|
|American Indian or Alaska Native; White||DNA|
|Black or African American; White||DNA|
|Hispanic or Latino|
|Not Hispanic or Latino||DNA|
|Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino||147.8|
|White only, not Hispanic or Latino||93.0|
|Family income level|
|Persons with diabetes(within the past year)||144.2|
|Persons without diabetes(within the past year)||110.5|
|Persons aged 12 to 19 years||155.9|
|Persons aged 20 to 39 years||96.6|
|Persons aged 40 to 59 years||84.3|
|Persons aged 60 years and older||145.7|
DNA = Data have not been analyzed.
DNC = Data for specific population are not collected.
DSU = Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.
|Operational definition for objective 28-3|
|28-3.||Reduce uncorrected visual impairment due to refractive errors.|
|National Data Source||National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC, NCHS.|
|State Data Source||Not identified.|
|Healthy People 2000 Objective||Not applicable.|
|2005 Midcourse Revisions||New objective (see Comments).|
|Measure||Rate per 1,000 population (age adjusted - see Comments).|
|Target-Setting Method||Better than the best racial/ethnic subgroup.For a discussion on target-setting methods, see Part A, Section 4.|
|Numerator||Number of persons 12 years and older whose better-eye distance vision tests at 20/30 or worse, and improves to 20/25 or better after objective auto-refraction.|
|Denominator||Number of persons 12 years and older.|
|Population Targeted||U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population.|
|Questions Used To Obtain the National Data||From the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey:
|Comments||For survey participants 12 years and older.|