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Objective 28-8

Occupational Injury

28-8a Reduce occupational eye injuries resulting in lost work days.

28-8b Reduce occupational eye injuries treated in emergency departments.

This objective was the focus of Healthy Vision Month 2006

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that nearly three out of every five workers injured were not wearing eye protection at the time of the accident or the wrong kind of eye protection for the job. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards require that employers provide workers with suitable eye protection. To be effective, the eyewear must be of the appropriate type for the hazard encountered and properly fitted. It is estimated that 90% of eye injuries can be prevented through the use of proper protective eyewear on the job.

Data Source

28-8a. Reduce occupational eye injuries resulting in lost work days

Baseline: 4.8 per 10,000 private industry full-time workers

Target (30% improvement): 3.4 per 10,000 full-time workers

Targeting setting method: percent improvement

Data source: Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (ASOII), U.S Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Operational definition: This is a valuable tool that allows individuals to set measurable Healthy Vision objectives for their own communities.

Occupational eye injuries resulting in lost work days (per 10,000 full-time workers in private industry)
Race and ethnicity
American Indian or Alaska Native only DNC
Asian or Pacific Islander only DNC
Asian only DNC
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DNC
Black or African American only DNC
White only DNC
2 or more races DNC
American Indian or Alaska Native; White DNC
Black or African American; White DNC
Hispanic or Latino DNC
Non Hispanic or Latino DNC
Black or African American only, not Hisp/Latino DNC
White only, not Hispanic or Latino DNC
Female DNC
Male DNC
Education level
Under 12 years DNC
12 years DNC
13 years and over DNC

DNA = Data have not been analyzed.
DNC = Data for specific population are not collected.
DSU = Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Operational definition for objective: 28-8a
28-8a. Reduce occupational eye injuries resulting in lost work days.
National Data Source Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), U.S. Department of Labor.
State Data Source Not identified.
Healthy People 2000 Objective Not applicable.
2005 Midcourse Revision Revised text (see comments).
Measure Rate per 10,000 full-time workers.
Baseline 4.8 (2002).
Target 3.4
Target-Setting Method Consistent with other programs.
Numerator Number of occupational eye injuries among private industry employees that required medical treatment beyond first aid and that resulted in one or more days away from work.
Denominator Number of full-time equivalent (FTE) workers in private industry (1 FTE = 2,000 hours worked per calendar year).
Population Targeted Workers in private industry establishments -- See Comments.
Questions Used To Obtain the National Data From the Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities (IFF) Program

Query by:

Case type: Industry division or selected characteristic by detailed part of body affected.
Data type: Rate of nonfatal injuries and illness per 10,000 full-time workers.
Category: Total private industry (code P00)
Part of body: Eye(s) (code 032X)
Expected Periodicity Annual.
Comments The Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses samples private industry establishments. Annually the BLS sends them SOII Form BLS-9300 N06, on which they report information from their OSHA injury/illness logs (OSHA log 200 prior to 2002; OSHA log 300 for 2002 and later). This information is processed by state agencies cooperating with the BLS. The survey measures nonfatal injuries and illnesses only and excludes the self-employed, farms with fewer than 11 employees, private households, and employees in federal, state, and local government agencies.

IFF Program data are provided on injuries and illnesses on the job on the Internet.

An occupational eye injury is any injury or illness affecting the eye (including the conjunctiva, cornea, eyeball, inside and outside of the eyelids, iris, lachrymal glands, lens, optic nerve, orbit, retina, and upper and lower eyelashes). The eye injury or illness must result from an event in the work environment (that is, be an OSHA reportable case) and result in one or more days of lost work. Medical treatment includes managing and caring for a patient for the purpose of combating disease or disorder. Calendar days of restricted work activity or days away from work are counted up to 180 days, but not the day the injury occurred.

The rate per 10,000 full-time workers is computed by (1) dividing the number of occupational injuries reported by the total number of hours worked by all employees during the calendar year, and (2) multiplying the result by 20,000,000. The factor 20,000,000 represents the hours worked in a year by 10,000 FTE workers (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks a year).

At the beginning of the decade, developmental objective 28-8 stated: Reduce occupational eye injury. This objective is now being measured with two subobjectives using two different data sources. Objective 28-8a focuses on occupational eye injuries resulting in lost work days, while objective 28-8b focuses on occupational eye injuries treated in emergency departments.

See Comments provided with objective 20-2a for more information on the survey.

See Appendix A for focus area contact information. All referenced "Parts" and "Appendices" can be found in Tracking Healthy People 2010.

Department of Health and Human Services NIH, the National Institutes of Health