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Female shown from overhead standing with her eye open receiving OCT scan.

NEI-funded technology promises to broaden access to retinal scanning

July 22, 2021

A National Eye Institute-funded project at Duke University has yielded a fully automated optical coherence tomography (OCT) device that does not require a trained operator and promises to broaden access to retinal imaging technology.
Eye is shown connected to visual processing regions of the brain via the optic nerve. Enlargement of retina shows photorecetors, biopolar cells and retinal ganglion cells.

Scientists discover gene therapy provides neuroprotection to prevent glaucoma vision loss

July 22, 2021

A form of gene therapy protects optic nerve cells and preserves vision in mouse models of glaucoma, according to research supported by NIH’s National Eye Institute. The findings suggest a way forward for developing neuroprotective therapies for glaucoma.
A mug of coffee

High caffeine consumption may be associated with increased risk of blinding eye disease

June 7, 2021

Consuming large amounts of daily caffeine may increase the risk of glaucoma more than three-fold for those with a genetic predisposition to higher eye pressure according to an international, multi-center study.
Slice of OCT image hovers over 3D segmentation of retinal cells

AI Spots Individual Neurons in the Eye Better than Human Experts

May 4, 2021

A new combination of optical coherence tomography (OCT), adaptive optics and deep neural networks should enable better diagnosis and monitoring for neuron-damaging eye and brain diseases like glaucoma.

Treatment not always needed to prevent vision loss in patients with elevated eye pressure

April 15, 2021

More than 20 years after the launch of a landmark clinical trial, follow-up examinations and analyses found that not all patients with elevated eye pressure need pressure-lowering treatment to prevent vision loss from glaucoma.
Doctor examines patient's eye using slit lamp

Citicoline protects against glaucoma without reducing fluid pressure in eye

April 14, 2021

A new study showed that ingesting the compound citicoline restored optic nerve (neural) signals between the brain and eye to near-normal levels in the study rats.
Illustration of the front of the eye

International Team Identifies 127 Glaucoma Genes in Largest Study of Its Kind

February 24, 2021

Researchers for the first time analyzed genes in more than 34,000 people with glaucoma across multiple ancestries and found 44 new genetic variants that may lead to new treatment targets.

A Rift in the Retina May Help Repair the Optic Nerve

January 14, 2021

In experiments in mouse tissues and human cells, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they have found that removing a membrane that lines the back of the eye may improve the success rate for regrowing nerve cells damaged by blinding diseases.

A Niche for the Eye

January 12, 2021

Research from the Stowers Institute suggests that the ciliary body might be key to detecting eye diseases before vision is impaired.
Image shows eye globe, optic nerve, lens, cornea, pupil, meshwork, angle, and were fluid forms and exits the front of the eye.

Cataract surgery in infancy increases glaucoma risk

December 17, 2020

Children who undergo cataract surgery as infants have a 22% risk of glaucoma 10 years later, whether or not they receive an intraocular lens implant. The findings come from the National Eye Institute (NEI)-funded Infant Aphakic Treatment Study.