282 items

Arbitrary Categories Improve visual Learning Transfer, Study Finds

March 28, 2019

Many brain training games claim to improve mental performance, but a growing body of cognitive research shows that while participants get better on a game’s specific tasks, the benefits do not transfer to real-life skills...

Imaging Method Reveals Long-lived Patterns in Cells of the Eye

March 21, 2019

Cells of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) form unique patterns that can be used to track changes in this important layer of tissue in the back of the eye, researchers at the National Eye Institute (NEI) have found.

NIH Study Finds No Evidence That Calcium Increases Risk of AMD

March 21, 2019

Eating a calcium-rich diet or taking calcium supplements does not appear to increase the risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), according to the findings of a study by scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI).

New Study Reshapes Understanding of How the Brain Recovers from Injury

March 20, 2019

New research, which appears in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, sheds light on how the damage in the brain caused by a stroke can lead to permanent vision impairment for approximately 265,000 Americans each year.

With Single Gene Insertion, Blind Mice Regain Sight

March 15, 2019

Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, find that restoring opsins with gene therapy can make 'blind' cells light-sensitive; potential human treatment within three years.

Therapy Could Improve, Prolong Sight in Those Suffering Vision Loss

March 13, 2019

A new therapy developed by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, could help prolong useful vision and delay total blindness for people with retinitis pigmentosa.

UNH Researchers Create a Hydrogel Contact Lens to Treat Serious Eye Disease

March 12, 2019

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have created a hydrogel that could one day be made into a contact lens to more effectively treat corneal melting.

Molecular Classification and Comparative Taxonomies of Foveal and Peripheral Cells in Primate Retina

February 21, 2019

A team of researchers led by Harvard's Joshua Sanes applied high-throughput genetic sequencing methods to create the first cellular atlas of the primate retina.

Nitisinone Increases Melanin in People With Albinism

February 20, 2019

A small pilot clinical study at the National Eye Institute (NEI) suggests that the drug nitisinone increases melanin production in some people with oculocutaneous albinism type 1B (OCA-1B), a rare genetic disease that causes pale skin and hair and poor vi

Electrical Activity Early in Fruit Flies' Brain Development Could Shed Light on How Neurons Wire the Brain

February 12, 2019

Neurons somehow know which of their neighbors to connect with and which to avoid in the crowded environment of the central nervous system. But how?