282 items

New target could help protect vision following optic nerve trauma

February 11, 2019

Scientists from the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University have discovered that removing a pro-inflammatory enzyme promotes regeneration after an injury to the optic nerve.

NIH Researchers Hone in on Genes Linked to Age-Related Macular Degeneration

February 11, 2019

National Eye Institute scientists led a collaborative study and zeroed in on genes associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of vision loss and blindness among people age 65 and older.

Glaucoma Detection Gets Potential Boost from Virtual Reality, Brain-Based Device

January 29, 2019

A wearable brain-based device called NGoggle that incorporates virtual reality could help improve glaucoma diagnosis and prevent vision loss.

IUPUI researchers re-create retinal microenvironment in a dish with human stem cells

January 24, 2019

IUPUI scientists have used retinal ganglion cells derived from human pluripotent stem cells to create models that better mimic the human retina.

Microscopic eye movements affect how we see contrast

January 22, 2019

A team of researchers has discovered how the brain uses tiny, unconscious eye movements to pick up differences in brightness, likely by “refreshing” signals hitting the retina.

Faulty molecular master switch may contribute to AMD

January 22, 2019

A signaling pathway controlled by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) could be involved in the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Findings on eye-signal blending re-examine Nobel-winning research

January 17, 2019

“Our data suggest that the two eyes are merged as they arrive in the neocortex and not at a later stage of brain processing, as previously believed,” said Vanderbilt’s Alexander Maier, assistant professor of psychology.

NIH researchers rescue photoreceptors, prevent blindness in animal models of retinal degeneration

January 16, 2019

Using a novel patient-specific stem cell-based therapy, researchers at the National Eye Institute (NEI) prevented blindness in animal models of geographic atrophy, the advanced “dry” form of age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...

Team finds how error and reward signals are organized within cerebral cortex

January 14, 2019

A Vanderbilt University team recently described how error and reward signals are organized within the cerebral cortex.

Brain plasticity restored in adult mice through targeting specific nerve cell connections

January 8, 2019

Neuroscientists have discovered a new molecular mechanism that is essential for maturation of brain function and may be used to restore plasticity in aged brains.