Optic neuritis, an inflammation of the optic nerve, can be caused by infection and immune-related illnesses. In many cases, doctors are unable to determine a cause for the neuritis.
Many aliments affect the optic nerve including viral diseases (mumps, rubella, and cytomegalovirus), bacterial infections (cat-scratch fever and tuberculosis), sinus infections, and inflammation in the eye or other parts of the body.
Optic neuritis can also be associated with other diseases that affect the brain and nervous system, particularly multiple sclerosis.
Currently, the NEI does not have a factsheet on this condition.
For more information from other health sites, please visit the following webpages:
MedlinePlus, Optic neuritis
University of Illinois, Optic Neuritis
American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Optic Neuritis
Transverse Myelitis Association, Optic Neuritis
Mayo Clinic, Optic neuritis
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