In 2001, NEI held a meeting of world experts on eye health epidemiology. These experts analyzed epidemiological data to find the prevalence rates for common eye conditions in the United States. An in-depth description of this data analysis appeared in the April 2004 issue of the Archives of Ophthalmology.

In 2012, NEI partnered with Prevent Blindness America to apply these prevalence rates to the 2010 U.S. Census population.

Explore eye health statistics

Our data and statistics are free for researchers, policymakers, and members of the media to use and distribute. See how common eye conditions affect the U.S. population by age, gender, and race/ethnicity:

Blindness and low vision

Eye conditions and diseases

See our eye disease infographics

Between 2010 and 2050, we expect the number of people with the most common eye diseases to double. Our infographics help illustrate these trends and steps people can take to prevent eye diseases. Browse our infographics.

Find more resources

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) maintains the national Vision and Eye Health Surveillance System (VEHSS). Find national data on vision and eye health.

Healthy People 2020 sets national objectives to improve eye health and uses data to track progress toward these goals. Learn more about the Healthy People 2020 Vision topic area.

Prevent Blindness America provides data on common vision problems at the state level. See a map of state-level eye health data.

Source for prevalence of blindness data

  • Prevalence of Open-Angle Glaucoma Among Adults in the United States Archives of Ophthalmology 2004; 122:532-538
  • Prevalence of Cataract and Pseudophakia/Aphakia Among Adults in the United States Archives of Ophthalmology 2004; 122:487-494
  • The Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy Among Adults in the United States Archives of Ophthalmology 2004; 122:552-563
  • The Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy Among Adult Type I Diabetic Persons in the United States Archives of Ophthalmology 2004; 122:546-551
  • Prevalence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in the United States Archives of Ophthalmology 2004; 122:564-572
  • The Prevalence of Refractive Errors Among Adults in the United States, Western Europe, and Australia Archives of Ophthalmology 2004; 122:495-505
  • Causes and Prevalence of Visual Impairment Among Adults in the United States Archives of Ophthalmology 2004; 122:477-485
Last updated: July 17, 2019