Cataract defined

A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. Most cataracts are related to aging. Cataracts are very common in older people.

2010 U.S. age-specific prevalence rates for cataract by age, gender, and race/ethnicity

Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 2.59% 2.30% 2.37% 2.40% 2.51%
50-54 5.01% 5.99% 5.52% 5.59% 5.22%
55-59 8.84% 10.37% 9.63% 9.73% 9.14%
60-64 15.28% 16.19% 15.84% 15.88% 15.45%
65-69 24.95% 23.55% 24.27% 24.25% 24.73%
70-74 37.41% 31.68% 34.39% 34.17% 36.49%
75-79 51.09% 40.13% 45.16% 45.06% 49.49%
80+ 70.38% 53.48% 60.66% 60.86% 68.30%
TOTAL 18.79% 12.99% 11.82% 13.32% 17.11%
Female/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 2.14% 2.65% 2.32% 2.36% 2.25%
50-54 5.04% 7.30% 6.19% 6.22% 5.52%
55-59 9.44% 12.75% 11.16% 11.19% 10.09%
60-64 16.73% 19.81% 18.52% 18.45% 17.30%
65-69 27.39% 28.32% 28.10% 28.11% 27.58%
70-74 40.58% 37.22% 39.10% 39.06% 40.06%
75-79 54.36% 45.82% 50.17% 50.17% 53.09%
80+ 73.05% 58.48% 65.22% 65.35% 71.24%
TOTAL 21.33% 16.26% 14.23% 15.48% 19.67%
Male/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 3.05% 1.92% 2.41% 2.44% 2.77%
50-54 4.97% 4.50% 4.83% 4.86% 4.90%
55-59 8.22% 7.55% 7.99% 8.01% 8.12%
60-64 13.75% 11.76% 12.83% 12.82% 13.45%
65-69 22.28% 17.33% 19.63% 19.68% 21.53%
70-74 33.75% 23.90% 28.31% 28.27% 32.27%
75-79 46.97% 31.06% 38.17% 38.10% 44.81%
80+ 65.74% 42.56% 53.09% 53.52% 63.14%
TOTAL 16.00% 8.99% 9.26% 10.78% 14.26%

2010 prevalence rates of cataract by race/ethnicity

  All White Black Hispanic Other
Prevalence 0.171 0.188 0.130 0.118 0.133

2010 U.S. prevalent cases of cataract (in thousands) by age and race/ethnicity

Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 741 124 153 77 1,095
50-54 791 158 135 80 1,164
55-59 1,278 224 177 117 1,796
60-64 1,959 268 218 154 2,599
65-69 2,415 269 230 161 3,075
70-74 2,715 265 241 165 3,386
75-79 2,994 242 230 154 3,620
80+ 6,620 424 377 252 7,673
TOTAL 19,513 1,974 1,761 1,160 24,408

2010 U.S. prevalent cases of cataract (in thousands) by age, gender, and race/ethnicity

Female/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 306 75 74 40 495
50-54 402 102 76 47 627
55-59 695 149 106 73 1,023
60-64 1,100 180 135 97 1,512
65-69 1,385 183 146 101 1,815
70-74 1,577 182 154 103 2,016
75-79 1,777 170 149 99 2,195
80+ 4,356 318 253 168 5,095
TOTAL 11,598 1,359 1,093 728 14,778
Male/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 435 49 79 37 600
50-54 389 56 59 33 537
55-59 583 75 71 44 773
60-64 859 88 83 57 1,087
65-69 1,030 86 84 60 1,260
70-74 1,138 83 87 62 1,370
75-79 1,217 72 81 55 1,425
80+ 2,264 106 124 84 2,578
TOTAL 7,915 615 668 432 9,630

Projections for cataract (2010-2030-2050)

Year All White Black Hispanic Other
2010 24,409,978 19,514,896 1,973,883 1,761,306 1,159,893
2030 38,737,561 27,866,836 3,428,470 4,745,378 2,696,878
2050 50,231,932 30,781,670 4,966,939 9,510,635 4,972,687
Total Population 142,648,393 103,846,437 15,190,777 14,901,369 8,709,810

 

Changes of cases between 2000 and 2010

Year Value Short Value
2000 20,476,040 20,476
2010 24,409,978 24,410
Last updated: February 7, 2020