Open-angle glaucoma defined

In open-angle glaucoma, the fluid passes too slowly through a spongy meshwork. Since the fluid builds up, the pressure inside the eye rises to a level that may damage the optic nerve. When the optic nerve is damaged from increased pressure, open-angle glaucoma-and vision loss may result.

2010 U.S. age-specific prevalence rates for glaucoma by age and race/ethnicity

Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 0.61% 1.15% 0.39% 1.25% 0.69%
50-54 0.75% 2.01% 0.71% 1.47% 0.94%
55-59 0.93% 2.96% 1.06% 1.73% 1.21%
60-64 1.20% 4.20% 1.60% 2.11% 1.58%
65-69 1.62% 5.73% 2.40% 2.65% 2.11%
70-74 2.26% 7.38% 3.60% 3.42% 2.88%
75-79 3.26% 8.94% 5.36% 4.53% 3.93%
80+ 7.42% 11.42% 10.36% 8.03% 7.89%
TOTAL 1.72% 3.42% 1.50% 2.13% 1.91%
Female/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 0.84% 1.61% 0.40% 1.65% 0.94%
50-54 0.89% 2.26% 0.74% 1.72% 1.10%
55-59 1.00% 2.85% 1.13% 1.88% 1.29%
60-64 1.22% 3.58% 1.71% 2.17% 1.56%
65-69 1.58% 4.52% 2.60% 2.65% 2.01%
70-74 2.20% 5.69% 3.92% 3.40% 2.74%
75-79 3.28% 7.11% 5.87% 4.57% 3.87%
80+ 8.51% 10.57% 11.49% 8.76% 8.84%
TOTAL 2.07% 3.39% 1.77% 2.44% 2.21%
Male/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 0.38% 0.65% 0.37% 0.80% 0.44%
50-54 0.61% 1.73% 0.67% 1.19% 0.78%
55-59 0.85% 3.08% 0.99% 1.55% 1.14%
60-64 1.19% 4.96% 1.47% 2.03% 1.60%
65-69 1.66% 7.31% 2.16% 2.65% 2.23%
70-74 2.32% 9.75% 3.19% 3.45% 3.05%
75-79 3.23% 11.86% 4.66% 4.49% 4.02%
80+ 5.53% 13.29% 8.47% 6.85% 6.22%
TOTAL 1.34% 3.46% 1.21% 1.76% 1.57%

2010 prevalence rates of glaucoma by race

  All White Black Hispanic Other
Prevalence 0.019 0.017 0.034 0.015 0.021

2010 U.S. prevalent cases of glaucoma (in thousands) by age and race/ethnicity

Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 175 61 25 40 301
50-54 119 53 17 21 210
55-59 134 64 20 21 239
60-64 154 70 21 20 265
65-69 157 65 22 18 262
70-74 164 62 25 17 268
75-79 191 54 27 15 287
80+ 698 90 65 34 887
TOTAL 1,792 519 222 186 2,719

2010 U.S. prevalent cases of glaucoma by age, gender, and race/ethnicity

Female/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 121 45 13 28 207
50-54 71 32 9 13 125
55-59 74 33 11 12 130
60-64 80 33 12 11 136
65-69 80 29 13 10 132
70-74 86 28 15 9 138
75-79 107 26 17 9 159
80+ 508 57 45 23 633
TOTAL 1,127 283 135 115 1,660
Male/Age White Black Hispanic Other All
40-49 54 16 12 12 94
50-54 48 21 8 8 85
55-59 60 31 9 9 109
60-64 74 37 9 9 129
65-69 77 36 9 8 130
70-74 78 34 10 8 130
75-79 84 28 10 6 128
80+ 190 33 20 11 254
TOTAL 665 236 87 71 1,059

Projections for glaucoma (2010-2030-2050)

Year All White Black Hispanic Other
2010 2,719,379 1,790,551 520,044 223,551 185,233
2030 4,284,823 2,427,339 864,732 606,122 386,629
2050 6,290,760 3,039,512 1,241,808 1,306,113 703,326
Total Population 142,648,393 103,846,437 15,190,777 14,901,369 8,709,810

Changes of cases between 2000 and 2010

Year Value Short Value
2000 2,216,785 2,217
2010 2,719,379 2,719
Last updated: February 7, 2020