189 items

Exercise Can Slow or Prevent Vision Loss, Study Finds

June 30, 2020

Exercise can slow or prevent the development of macular degeneration and may benefit other common causes of vision loss, such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, new research from the University of Virginia suggests.

UB-UAB collaboration stimulates rethinking of a degenerative eye disease

June 25, 2020

Researchers from the University of Buffalo have found new information about retinitis pigmentosa, a condition that begins in childhood with night blindness and loss of peripheral vision.

Star-Shaped Brain Cells May Play a Critical Role in Glaucoma

June 23, 2020

After a brain injury, cells that normally nourish nerves may actually kill them instead, a new NYU study in rodents finds. This “reactive” phenomenon may be the driving factor behind neurodegenerative diseases like glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness.

Researchers look to the eye for insights about the brain

June 23, 2020

Researchers seeking to unravel the mysteries of how our amazingly complex brains do what they do, often start with the eye. The retina, the light-sensing tissue at the back of the eye has long been a model for scientists to explore how the brain works.

Seeing corneal degeneration in a new light

June 17, 2020

The molecular changes that lead to Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) occur decades before the disease causes blurry vision and other noticeable symptoms in patients, new research by UT Southwestern scientists shows.

Inhibitory Interneurons in Hippocampus Excite the Developing Brain

June 12, 2020

A new study from the George Washington University finds that in some parts of the developing brain, the inhibitory neurons cause excitation rather than suppression of brain activity, which could have implications for the treatment of neonatal seizures.

New research on Marfan syndrome focuses on eyes

June 12, 2020

New NEI-supported research provides insight into the eye conditions associated with Marfan syndrome, where weakened zonule fibers cause vision problems.

IU researchers model human stem cells to identify degeneration in glaucoma

June 11, 2020

Using human stem cell models, researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine found they could analyze deficits within cells damaged by glaucoma, with the potential to use this information to develop new strategies to slow the disease process.

Retinitis pigmentosa research probes role of the enzyme DHDDS in this genetic disease

June 10, 2020

Researchers who made a knock-in mouse-model of the genetic disorder retinitis pigmentosa 59, or RP59, found no retinal degeneration or thinning, calling into question the commonly accepted mechanism for RP59.

Faces, bodies, spiders, and radios: How the brain represents visual objects

June 5, 2020

Caltech researchers have combined tools from machine learning and neuroscience to discover that the brain uses a mathematical system to organize visual objects according to their principal components. The work was published June 3 in Nature.