Source
94 items

Envision color: Activity patterns in the brain are specific to the color you see

November 16, 2020

Researchers at the National Eye Institute (NEI) have decoded brain maps of human color perception.

The mammalian brain is built from many kinds of neurons. A new study reveals a holistic way to look at them.

November 12, 2020

A new lens on visual neurons is laying the groundwork for a more complete “family tree” of the mammalian brain. Study reveals a new categorization of mouse neurons that relies on multiple types of data drawn from each individual cell.
aisle in grocery store as seen by a person with normal vision

Novel population of neurons identified that control binocular eye movements in 3D space

November 11, 2020

University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers have discovered a previously undescribed population of neurons that help control our eyes as they view in three-dimensional space.
Color-coded map of gene expression. Credit: Desplan Lab/NYU

NYU researchers create a "developmental atlas" of gene expression in neurons

November 4, 2020

New York University researchers created a “developmental atlas” of gene expression in neurons, using gene sequencing and machine learning to categorize more than 250,000 neurons in the brains of fruit flies.

Discovery Of New Cell May Be Key To Treating Incurable Neurological Diseases

October 26, 2020

Researchers at Ohio State and the University of Michigan discovered a new type of immune cell that not only rescues damaged nerve cells from death, but partially reverses nerve fiber damage.
Scientist on her computer

Researchers Discover ‘Spooky’ Similarity In How Brains and Computers See

October 22, 2020

A new paper in Current Biology details how neurons in area V4, the first stage specific to the brain’s object vision pathway, represent 3D shape fragments, not just the 2D shapes used to study V4 for the last 40 years.

Traveling brain waves help detect hard-to-see objects

October 7, 2020

Salk scientists discover patterns of neural waves in the awake brain that help detect objects.
Scientist viewed through a laboratory shelf filled with bottles

AGI-supported researchers discover gene pathways that regenerate neurons between the eye and the brain

October 5, 2020

A team of researchers has identified networks of genes that allow neurons to regenerate in animals like zebrafish.
A distinct thicket of vessels and myelin fibers are evident in each of six color coded visual processing regions in the cortex of a mouse. The columns are formed by stacking images taken at 5-micron increments through a millimeter of depth in each of the regions. Credit: Sur Lab/MIT Picower Institute

Live imaging method brings structural information to mapping of brain function

September 17, 2020

NEI-funded study shows coupling of structure and function at a sub-cellular level in visual areas of the mouse brain
Retinal ganglion cells receive information about the light our eyes detect from other cells in the retina at structures called dendrites and then relay it to the brain via axons. Credit: National Eye Institute

Real neurons are noisy. Can a retinal prosthetic figure that out?

September 16, 2020

The brain’s visual centers must be adept at filtering out noise from retinal cells to get to the true signal, and those filters have to constantly adapt. Prosthetic retinas are going to need this same filtering to succeed, NEI-funded research shows.