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126 items

Yale team finds dozens of genes that block regeneration of neurons

March 2, 2021

In a massive screen of 400 mouse genes, Yale School of Medicine researchers have identified 40 genes actively involved in suppression of axon regeneration in central nervous system cells.

Mount Sinai Researchers Uncover a Neural Pathway that is Critical to Correcting Behavioral Errors Relevant to Many Psychiatric Disorders

February 19, 2021

Mount Sinai researchers have identified a neural pathway through which the brain detects errors and guides subsequent behavioral improvement.

Cold Sores: Here’s How Stress, Illness and Even Sunburn Trigger Flareups

February 10, 2021

Researchers at the UVA School of Medicine have shed light on what causes herpes simplex virus to flare up, explaining how stress, illness and even sunburn can trigger unwanted outbreaks.

New Research Sheds Light on Vision Loss in Batten Disease

February 5, 2021

New research shows how the mutation associated with Batten disease could potentially lead to degeneration of light sensing photoreceptor cells in the retina, and subsequent vision loss.

How the Brain Learns That Earmuffs Are Not Valuable at the Beach

January 19, 2021

A new study from the University of Tsukuba in Japan and the NEI reveals how the brain learns to place different values on objects depending on the environmental context.

Tracing the many paths of vision

December 23, 2020

A team of scientists have created a molecular catalog that describes the different types of retinal ganglion cells in zebrafish, linking them to specific connections, functions, and behaviors.
Slice of brain scan showing highlights in the cortex

NIH researchers discover brain area crucial for recognizing visual events

December 17, 2020

Researchers at the National Eye Institute (NEI) report that a brain region in the superior temporal sulcus (fSTS) is crucial for processing and making decisions about visual information.

New approach reveals structure and function of individual synapses

December 16, 2020

An interdisciplinary team of scientists at the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience have developed a novel approach to measure the activity and strength of individual synapses that drive a neuron’s response to sensory input.

Researchers Discover Clue to How to Protect Neurons and Encourage Their Growth

December 14, 2020

A multi-university team identified a family of enzymes called GCK-IV kinases whose inhibition is robustly neuroprotective, while also permitting axon regeneration.

Brain Clears the Way for Binocular Vision Even Before Eyes are Open

December 7, 2020

Researchers from Duke University and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory discovered that chandelier cells are selectively removed from the developing mouse visual cortex even before the animal’s eyes are open.