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241 items

University of Maryland School of Medicine study identifies new mechanism that may cause blindness in older adults

April 12, 2021

Using laboratory-grown roundworms as well as human and mouse eye tissue, researchers have identified a new potential mechanism for age-related macular degeneration—the leading cause of blindness among older adults.
Artist's rendering of photoreceptor signaling a retinal ganglion cell

Computer model fosters potential improvements to ‘bionic eye’ technology

April 9, 2021

Researchers at Keck School of Medicine of USC develop signals that could bring color vision and improved clarity to prosthesis for the blind.
Image shows cone cells, labeled in red.

Turning back the clock on a severe vision disorder

March 31, 2021

Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine report findings of a gene therapy to treat a severe form of Leber congenital amaurosis, caused by mutations in the NPHP5 gene.
Retina model shows RPE cells, choroidal neovascularization-like pathology, vascular layer, PEG layer, Bruch's membrane, drusen

First-ever lab model of human eye offers hope for macular degeneration patients

March 30, 2021

NEI-funded research at the University of Rochester has led to the development of a 3D lab model that mimics the part of the human retina affected in age-related macular degeneration.

Sign-language exposure impacts infants as young as 5 months old

March 30, 2021

While it isn’t surprising that infants and children love to look at people’s movements and faces, recent research from Rochester Institute of Technology studies exactly where they look when they see someone using sign language.
Grey scale electron microscopy image of human retinal cells.

New genetic links found to rare eye disease, opening the door to better diagnostics and potential treatments

March 25, 2021

NEI-funded research at Scripps Research Institute has turned up more than a dozen gene variants linked to MacTel, a rare eye disease. The variants are likely causing the condition to develop and worsen for a significant share of patients.

Artificial Neuron Device Could Shrink Energy Use and Size of Neural Network Hardware

March 18, 2021

Training neural networks to perform tasks, such as recognizing images or navigating self-driving cars, could one day require less computing power and hardware thanks to a new artificial neuron device.

Yale team finds dozens of genes that block regeneration of neurons

March 2, 2021

In a massive screen of 400 mouse genes, Yale School of Medicine researchers have identified 40 genes actively involved in suppression of axon regeneration in central nervous system cells.

Research points to new hope for treatment-resistant AMD

February 26, 2021

The latest research from the John A. Moran Eye Center reveals how an oxidized form of cholesterol can change choroidal endothelial cells into cells that become scars and may wreak havoc in the eyes of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients.
Illustration of the front of the eye

International Team Identifies 127 Glaucoma Genes in Largest Study of Its Kind

February 24, 2021

Researchers for the first time analyzed genes in more than 34,000 people with glaucoma across multiple ancestries and found 44 new genetic variants that may lead to new treatment targets.