45 items

NIH, NIST researchers use artificial intelligence for quality control of stem cell-derived tissues

November 14, 2019

Researchers used artificial intelligence (AI) to evaluate stem cell-derived “patches” of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tissue for implanting into the eyes of patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness.

Immune System Can Slow Degenerative Eye Disease, NIH-led Mouse Study Shows

June 17, 2019

A new study shows that the complement system, part of the innate immune system, plays a protective role to slow retinal degeneration in a mouse model of retinitis pigmentosa, an inherited eye disease.

A Road Map to Stem Cell Development

May 22, 2019

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report they have created a method of mapping how the central nervous system develops by tracking the genes expressed in cells.

Research Suggests Revision to Common View on How Retinal Cells in Mammals Process Light

May 16, 2019

Johns Hopkins Medicine scientists say that new experiments with mouse eye tissues strongly suggest that a longstanding “textbook concept” about the way a mammal’s retina processes light needs a rewrite.

Microglia, the Immune Cells of the Central Nervous System, Shown to Regulate Neuroinflammation

April 22, 2019

A research team at Massachusetts Eye and Ear has shown that microglia, the primary immune cells of the central nervous system—including the retina of the eye—serve as “gatekeepers,” or biosensors and facilitators, of neuroinflammation...

Therapy Could Improve, Prolong Sight in Those Suffering Vision Loss

March 13, 2019

A new therapy developed by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, could help prolong useful vision and delay total blindness for people with retinitis pigmentosa.

Molecular Classification and Comparative Taxonomies of Foveal and Peripheral Cells in Primate Retina

February 21, 2019

A team of researchers led by Harvard's Joshua Sanes applied high-throughput genetic sequencing methods to create the first cellular atlas of the primate retina.

IUPUI researchers re-create retinal microenvironment in a dish with human stem cells

January 24, 2019

IUPUI scientists have used retinal ganglion cells derived from human pluripotent stem cells to create models that better mimic the human retina.

Faulty molecular master switch may contribute to AMD

January 22, 2019

A signaling pathway controlled by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) could be involved in the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Researchers design technology that sees nerve cells fire

December 12, 2018

Researchers at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, have created a noninvasive technology that detects when nerve cells fire based on changes in shape.